Infectious Diseases


Infection or infection; infectious disease, also known as intaniye, contamination. It is a disease that is caused by the penetration of microbes or parasites in the body to the human in any way through the disease. These diseases are often referred to as infectious diseases, as they can move from one individual to another or from one species to another.

The organisms that make up the disease can be viruses, bacteria, ricketts, fungi. All infectious diseases are capable of passing to human in one or more ways. From human to human, from animal to human, from soil to human, transmission can occur. The main types of transmission are:

When sneezing, coughing, mouth-talking droplets are inhaled by someone else (tuberculosis, whooping cough and various respiratory diseases);

Direct skin contact

By means of materials such as laundry, bedding and food items used by the patient;

The most vivid example is the malaria of the anopheles of mosquitoes. The pigeons also carry the asıyla psittacosis an disease.

Taking contaminated foods and beverages contaminated with microbes (Waterborne diseases can be considered as typhoid, dysentery, cholera, paratosis. Food poisoning and gastroenteritis can occur with food);

Disease from the mother during pregnancy or delivery to a baby during the pregnancy (syphilis, rubella, gonorrhea conjunctivitis, ie, ocular inflammation made by germs can be transmitted in this way).

In the artificially produced immunity, the person is given weakened, dead microbes or microbes.

Against these, they form an antibody without producing symptoms of disease. Thus, protection of the person against the disease is provided. Such vaccines are used against many diseases. Vaccines are not effective in every infectious disease but only in a number of diseases.

Those who are more unlucky in terms of getting the disease (more caught) are:

Infectious diseases are outbreaks,

Babies less than three months old,

People with a family carrying infectious diseases,

Old and bedridden,

Those with a disease that paralyzes the immune system, such as cancer,

Those who use immunosuppressive drugs.

There are some symptoms in infectious diseases, almost all patients. These; fever, malaise, anorexia, headache, general body pain. Some diseases may have rashes (red, measles, as in flowers). In diseases that contain the digestive system is usually diarrhea.

Every born child should be vaccinated when the time comes. The body should be able to keep it strong and eat-drink. It must lead a regular life. If it is necessary to go to places with an infectious disease outbreak, they should consult a physician about the measures to be taken and the vaccines to be taken. It should not eat uncleaned dirty food and should pay attention to body cleansing.

The treatment of infectious diseases is varied and varies according to the type of disease-causing microbe. Penicillin and similar antibiotics are effective against bacteria. Diseases caused by protozoan microbes such as malaria are also improved by drugs of various chemical substances. Virus diseases are not affected by antibiotics.

Major infectious diseases:

Gonorrhea, Brucellosis, Smallpox, Diphtheria, Dysentery (amoebic or bacillus), Influenza, Hepatitis, Measles, Cholera, Meningitis, Psittacosis, Malaria, Chickenpox, Tetanus, Tularemia, Tuberculosis, Sleep disease, Pneumonia, Typhoid, Tifus.


Uzm.Dr. Kadriye AKÇAY

Infectious Diseases


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