Cardiology is a branch of science that studies the diseases of the heart and circulatory system.

Cardiology is a sub-branch of internal diseases (internal medicine).

The accumulated know-how and new technologies have led to great developments in the field of cardiology and the emergence of sub-sciences, as in other research and / or applied sciences.

Cardiology has made progress beyond the estimates in the last 30-40 years and these developments continue to increase. With these developments, some sub-branches formed within the cardiology are as follows:

Interventional Cardiology

Heart electrophysiology

Of course, the emergence of sub-branches and the work of doctors and researchers who are specialized on them also allow the development of new diagnostic and treatment methods.

There are some diseases that are among the most important health problems of today. Some of these diseases can be listed as follows:


Atherosclerotic heart diseases (such as coronary artery disease)

Heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias)

Congenital heart diseases

Nephrology, endocrinology, such as high blood pressure, branches of interest, heart failure due to various diseases, congenital or various diseases, such as heart valve diseases, and many other diseases, cardiovascular diseases are also struggling for the diagnosis.

Some of the diagnostic tools used by cardiology are:


Electrocardiography (ECG) and related diagnostic methods:

Heart stress test (also known as ”stress test for or” stressed ECG Kalp)

Portable ECG device (also known as ter Holter monitor Taşınabilir)

Levels of cardiac enzymes in blood

Coronary angiography

In cardiology, inpatient treatment is given to patients in General Service and Coronary Intensive Care Units (CFSU).

The general condition of the PUUs is the patients in whom the patients are followed up (such as those who suffer from heart attack). Heart rhythms, blood pressure, heart rate, blood oxygen levels are monitored by a central monitor where all patients are connected. These monitors are warned by an alarm when there is an abnormality.

The patients whose general condition improves are monitored and taken to the general services in order to continue their examination and treatment. Nowadays, according to increasing needs, professional hospitals are established in the field of Cardiovascular Diseases.

Some of these types of hospitals in Turkey Turkey High Specialization Hospital, Pulmonary Hypertension and Cardiovascular Diseases and Koşuyolu the hospital.


Uzm. Dr. Bülent ÖZCAN



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