What is neurology?

Neurology is a branch of medical science which examines the diseases of the muscles with the brain, brain stem, spinal cord and peripheral nervous system, and includes treatment and non-surgical treatment practices. Neurology is no longer a closed and limited branch, and has been subdivided into subdisciplines such as epilepsy, movement disorders, cerebrovascular diseases, dementia, sleep disorders, as well as psychiatric disorders from the 20th century. divided into a branch.

In all these areas, a multidisciplinary relationship with many other medical fields as well as a serious laboratory background seems to be permanent.

Neurological Basic Sciences:

While many systemic diseases may cause signs of the nervous system, some of the neurological diseases may be affected by other organ systems. For example, the changing hormone levels during pregnancy facilitate the body to keep fluid and salt, and the nerves that pass through the protected surfaces of the bones are damaged by being under pressure due to the edema effect at these levels. As a result, symptoms such as numbness, tingling, pain, and weakness of the affected muscles occur below the affected area. Likewise, in diseases such as diabetes and thyroid dysfunctions prepare the ground for this situation. Since many of these and other neurological diseases do not present a single system, many of the patients are seen by different branches of physicians at the time of admission.

Complaints regarding application to neurology outpatient clinics are mainly; headaches, dizziness, strokes, changes in consciousness (epilepsy = sara, etc.), hand foot numbness, such as various muscle weakness are conditions.

The increase in the elderly population leads to more frequent systemic diseases such as hypertension, heart disease and diabetes, and the associated complications. Stroke is the most dramatic and fearful of these complications. Cranial tomography and / or magnetic resonance imaging, echocardiography, extracranial doppler examinations are performed in patients presenting with stroke clinic, and the results contribute to the follow-up and treatment of patients. In serious conditions, such as coma, progressive stroke, and frequent recurrent seizures, the patients are followed up and treated in the intensive care unit.

EMG (electro myo-neurrography), a dynamic diagnostic method in the diagnosis of painful conditions such as waist and neck hernia, can be performed in the electrophysiology laboratory to evaluate common neuropathies such as hand and foot numbness.

Eeg (electroencephalography graph), which is used for differential diagnosis in many diseases of the central nervous system, especially epilepsy, can also be performed in the electrophysiology laboratory.

Headache symptoms and labor productivity leading to a social problem; headache polyclinic.

Neurological diseases:

Diseases related to the nervous system of the body are called neurological diseases. Abnormalities in the electrical structure of the brain, spinal cord or nerves can cause many symptoms. stroke, muscle weakness, coordination problems, loss of sensation, seizure, dizziness, pain and loss of consciousness. There are many defined neurological diseases, some of which are relatively common but often less common.

Diseases of the brain, spinal cord and nerves:


Brain injury due to brain lobe

Anterior lobe damage

Side lobe damage

Lobe lobe damage

Headlight lobe damage

Brain function damage according to types:

Aphasia (speech difficulty or loss)


Dizartri (difficulty in saying words)

Apraxia (Disability)

Agnozi (unconsciousness)


Spinal diseases

Peripheral nerve disease

Skull nerve disease (example: Trigeminal neuralgia)

Autonomic nervous system diseases (eg: Disotonomy)

Seizures (eg Epilepsy)

Central and peripheral nervous system movement disorders (eg Parkinson’s disease, basic tremor, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-ALS, Tourette syndrome and Multiple sclerosis-MS)

Sleep Disorders (eg narcolepsy)

Migraine and other types of headaches (example: Cluster headache, Tension type headache)

Back and neck pains

Central Neuropathy

Neuropsychiatric diseases


Uzm.Dr. Sevinç TUNÇBERK



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