It is a medical discipline that helps people by identifying the deviations in people’s feelings, thoughts and behaviors and treating them with different techniques. Psychiatrists are primarily doctors.

He works on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental disorders. These include mental, behavioral, perceptual and social disorders. The term “psychiatry” was first used by the German psychiatrist Johann Christian Reil in 1808. The medical meaning of the word is medical treatment.

Physicians interested in psychiatry are called psychiatrists (psychiatrists).

Psychiatric and psychological tests should allow the use of imagination and other neuropsychiatric techniques.

In practice, psychotropic medication and psychotherapy are the most commonly used treatment modalities, but different treatment models are also widely used.

Treatment includes questions about the functional disorders of the disease and the state of the disease for patients who are hospitalized and outpatient. The development of the psychiatry branch depends on interdisciplinary assistance, which explores sub-specialties and theoretical approaches.

Psychiatry, a branch of medicine, is intertwined with neuroscience, pharmacology, biochemistry, psychology and medicine. Unlike neurologists and other branches, psychiatrists have specialized in doctor-patient relationships and have been trained in different ways of using psychotherapy and other therapeutic communication techniques.

Psychiatrists also differentiate themselves from psychologists. After taking basic medical education as required for all other medical fields, they choose psychiatry. The psychiatrist who is a physician is competent and responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.

Psychiatrists may perform physical examinations to their patients, ask for laboratory tests, use neuro-imaging tools for diagnosis and differential diagnosis, apply psychotherapy and medication, or undergo other psychiatric examinations.

Disease groups diagnosed and treated by psychiatry are listed below:


Panic Disorder and Anxiety Disorders

Bipolar disorder

Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Alcohol and Substance Addiction

Personality Disorders

Dissociative Disorders

Dementia (Alzheimer’s Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia, Lewy Dementia, etc.)

Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity

Acute and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Somatoform Disorders

Sexual Dysfunctions (Vaginismus, Premature Ejaculation, Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction etc.)

Sleep Disorders (Insomnia, Excessive Sleepiness, Parasomnias, etc.)


Uzm.Dr. Seven KAPTAN



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